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All the cells in your body need sugar to work normally. Sugar gets into the cells with the help of a hormone called insulin which is made by the pancreas, an organ in your abdomen. If there is not enough insulin, or if your body stops responding to insulin, sugar builds up in the blood.

There are mainly two different types of diabetes:

● Type 1 diabetes - In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not make insulin or makes very little insulin.

● Type 2 diabetes - In most people with type 2 diabetes, the body stops responding to insulin normally. Then, over time, the pancreas stops making enough insulin.

Thyroid Gland Disorders

Hyperthyroidism is a condition that can make you feel shaky, anxious, and tired. It happens when a gland in your neck, called the thyroid gland, makes too much thyroid hormone.

HYPERthyroidism is the medical term used when a person makes excess of thyroid hormone.

On contrary, HYPOthyroidism, which is when a person does not make enough thyroid hormone.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome-PCOS

Polycystic ovary syndrome, or "PCOS," is a condition with symptoms ranging from irregular periods, acne,extra facial hair, or hair loss from the head.

The patients also experience challenging fertility problems. It is very common condition ( 5 to 8 percent of all women) Association of PCOS with insulin resistance and obesity is well known.

Calcium and Bone Disorders including Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a disease that makes your bones weak. People with the disease can break their bones too easily. For instance, after falling down at home.

Breaking a bone can be serious, especially if the bone is in the hip. People who break a hip sometimes lose the ability to walk on their own. Hence it is so important to avoid breaking a bone in the first place.

Diabetes During Pregnancy-Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that affects some people when they are pregnant. It happens because pregnancy increases the body's need for insulin, but the body cannot always make enough.

Due to high blood sugar levels, baby can grow big which in turn can complicate delivery. It also increases the risk of life-threatening problem due to high Blood Pressure during pregnancy called preeclampsia.

It is hard to predict who will get gestational diabetes. But some people are more likely to get it than others.

Pituitary Conditions Like Prolactinoma, Acromegaly

Prolactinomas are abnormal growths that form in an organ called the "pituitary gland". These growths can cause various symptoms, such as milky discharge from breast, absent monthly periods in women or low sex drive in men.

Adrenal Disorders

Adrenal disorders causes Addison's disease, Cushing's syndrome and Adrenal adenomas.


The menopause is when a woman stops having periods and is no longer able to get pregnant naturally. Periods usually start to become less frequent over a few months or years before they stop altogether. Sometimes they can stop suddenly. The menopause is a natural part of ageing that usually occurs between 45 and 55 years of age, as a woman's oestrogen levels decline.

Around 1 in 100 women experience the menopause before 40 years of age. This is known as premature menopause or premature ovarian insufficiency.

Your Endocrinologist can offer treatments and suggest lifestyle changes if you have severe menopausal symptoms that interfere with your day-to-day life.

Hypogonadism - low testosterone and Erection problems

Some men develop depression, loss of sex drive, erectile dysfunction, and other physical and emotional symptoms when they reach their late 40s to early 50s. Other symptoms common in men this age are: mood swings and irritability loss of muscle mass and reduced ability to exercise fat redistribution, such as developing a large belly or "man boobs" (gynaecomastia) a general lack of enthusiasm or energy difficulty sleeping (insomnia) or increased tiredness poor concentration and short-term memory

Hypogonadism is sometimes present from birth, which can cause symptoms like delayed puberty and small testes. Hypogonadism can also occasionally develop later in life, particularly in men who are obese or have type 2 diabetes. This is known as late-onset hypogonadism.

Lipid Disorders:

Cholesterol is a fatty substance known as a lipid. It's vital for the normal functioning of the body. Cell membranes, hormones and vitamin D are created by your body using cholesterol. There are two main sources of the cholesterol in your blood: cholesterol in the food you eat cholesterol produced by your liver Having an excessively high level of lipids in your blood (hyperlipidemia) can have an effect on your health. High cholesterol, on its own, doesn't usually cause any symptoms but increases your risk of serious health conditions.

Endocrine conditions such as diabetes or hypothyroidism can lead to changes in lipid levels. Hormones control every pathway for fats and proteins and are transported to support metabolism. The primary hormones involved in this process are estrogen, testosterone, insulin, cortisol, thyroid hormone, growth hormone, and glucagon.


The term obese describes a person who's very overweight, with a lot of body fat.

The most widely used method to check if you're a healthy weight is body mass index (BMI). BMI is a measure of whether you're a healthy weight for your height.

It's very important to take steps to tackle obesity because, as well as causing obvious physical changes, it can lead to a number of serious and potentially life-threatening conditions. These include: type 2 diabetes coronary heart disease some types of cancer, such as breast cancer and bowel cancer stroke

Obesity can also affect your quality of life and lead to psychological problems, such as depression and low self-esteem.

Cancers of Endocrine glands

Rare endocrine tumors form in glands or in cells that produce hormones. These include your thyroid, adrenal, and pituitary glands, and cells in your pancreas. Endocrine tumors can be called by different names depending on where they are in the body or what type of cell they look like. Some of the rare endocrine tumors that affect children, teens, and young adults are:

Adrenocortical carcinoma

Anaplastic thyroid cancer

Carcinoid tumor

Medullary thyroid cancer